蚂蚁彩票平台 pk10 pk10开奖 pk10 pk10开奖 pk10
加入收藏  |  设为首页   | 高级搜索
·后抗生素时代的领航者/专访佰高威盛中国区技术总监席祖义 ·译稿|目前可以用于养猪生产的节水技术 ·译稿|养猪生产中的饮水模式 ·高岩|浅谈猪舍清粪工艺 ·什么样的生产状况必须选择使用希特力?
 华康价值观 |  华康使命 |  华康愿景 |
 家禽产品 |  猪系列产品 |
 华康动态 |  行业动态 |  技术资料 |
当前位置: 主页 > 新闻资讯 > 技术资料 > 技术资料

译稿|猪和饮水器

时间:2017-08-14 09:17来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:


本文摘自《猪舍控》翻译自Dr. Mike Brumm的博客,原文发布于2010年6月1日。

I spent part of today reviewing a paper submitted for publication to a refereed journal that looked at drinkers for pigs. As I reviewed the paper, I was once again reminded how little we really know about the pigs drinking behavior or even its preferences for type and location of drinkers.

今天我花时间审阅了一篇关于猪用饮水器的文章,当我审阅这篇文章时,我再一次意识到我们关于猪的饮水行为,不同类型、不同位置饮水器对猪的表现的影响知道是多么少。

In the past, most recommendations for drinking water were simple – have it present at all times and it should be ‘potable’, which means fit for human consumption. This really doesn’t detail the many decisions that must be made about water systems for today’s housing systems.

过去,大部分关于饮水的建议都过于简单——在任何时候都能喝到,而且应该是“饮用水”,这意味着适合人类饮用。这并没有详细说明今天的猪舍给水系统应该做出什么样的决定。

The questions I most often get from producers are:

我经常被养猪生产者问到的是以下几个问题:
1) What type of drinker is best for wean-finish pigs?

对于保育育肥一体化猪舍什么类型的饮水器最合适?
2) How many drinkers do I need per pen?

每栏需要多少个饮水器?
3) Where should I locate the drinkers in the pen?

我要把饮水器放在猪栏的什么位置?
4) What pressure should I use for the water line?

供水系统更应该使用多大的水压?

If you’ve attended a presentation where I’ve talked about drinkers, you know the answer to all of the above questions is ‘It depends’. While it would be nice to reply to each of these questions with a well researched answer, in many cases the industry is learning about water needs by trial and error. I’ve been on a lot of sites where the error part of the learning experience was in place.

如果你听过我之前做过的关于饮水器的演讲,你应该知道以上所有问题的答案都是视情况而定的。如果基于详尽的研究结论回答这些问题当然很好,但很多情况下养猪业是通过尝试和错误来学习饮水需要的相关知识。我已经在很多猪场现场通过错误获得学习经验。

It turns out that it is difficult to do well replicated research on drinkers and water needs. If water disappearance is part of the research, leaking nipple drinkers due to broken drinker springs, seals, etc. will drive the researchers crazy. How does one sort out the issue of location of drinkers from the issue of number of drinkers as to impact on pig performance and preference? Season of the year will impact how the pig perceives and utilizes drinkers.

事实证明很难对饮水器和饮水需要做高重复率的试验研究。水在各环节可能的渗漏会让研究者发疯。研究饮水器位置和数量,会受到季节的影响。

While we’ve come a long way in defining the water needs of the growing pig, we’re still learning by trial and error how to apply this knowledge to the real world of the pig pen.

虽然我们在定义猪只的水需求方面取得了长足的进步,但我们仍在不断地摸索,如何将这些知识应用于猪栏的真实世界。

 

我在2014年8月25日在博文下留言提问,问题和Dr. Mike Brumm的回答如下。

Peter Gao on August 25, 2014 at 4:31 am said:

Dr. Brumm, what do you think about the “pan” drinker with diaphragm flow controller for wean-finish pigs? Can it save more water than the cup drinker? Many persons told me the pan drinker is a better choice, but I think the pan need be cleaned frequently, because feed or other things will stay in the pan.

Dr. Mike Brumm你怎么看保育育肥一体化猪舍使用带水位控制器的饮水盘,能节省更多水么?很多人说饮水盘是更好的选择,但我觉得饮水盘会需要经常清理,因为饲料或者其他东西会留在饮水盘里。

Mike Brumm on August 25, 2014 at 10:04 am said:

The US industry uses a lot of ‘pan’ drinkers and like all drinkers, they have their good and bad points. Producers like pan drinkers as it is easy to verify that water is available – you don’t have to push every drinker device to check. Newly weaned pigs rapidly find water as they search their new surroundings. Problems with pan drinkers can include soiled drinking pans from pigs putting their feet in the drinking pan, running thru the pan, etc. Some of this problem is related to whether the pan sits directly on the floor or is elevated 2-4 inches. Some pans are meant for single pig access while others promote multiple pig access. Some producers have reported problems with the ‘bladder’ control device not shutting off completely and consequently drinkers leaking water into manure storage devices. This can often be related to incorrect water pressure (higher is better) at the bladder and water quality issues such as fine sand and high tds in the water.

美国养猪业使用其他很多类型饮水器的同时也大量使用饮水盘,它有优点也有缺点。生产者喜欢饮水盘是因为很方便观察有没有水,而不需要每次挤压水嘴去检查。断奶的仔猪探查周围环境时会很快发现水源。饮水盘的问题例如猪只踩踏进饮水盘,污染饮水盘等等。其中一些问题和饮水盘是直接固定在地板上还是抬高2-4英寸(5-10cm)有关。有些饮水盘是为单头饮水设计的,有些是多头同时饮水。有些生产者提到会出现水位控制器漏水,水流到地沟的情况,这一般是因为水压不足(大点更好)或者水里面有沙子。

可以参考阿拉善特关于水位控制器的介绍宋旭|猪用水位控制器的使用和维护

In hot weather pigs cannot activate the bladder to get a constant water flow across their snout, something that is often seen with bowl drinkers so some water savings may occur if this is a problem at a site.

夏季猪没办法顶水位控制器让水流过鼻子,而使用碗式饮水器有些时候会有这种情况。如果这种情况是你猪场存在的问题,那饮水盘会节约一些水。

Dr. Mike Brumm关于猪饮水需求和饮水器发表了一些文章,也在多次演讲中有所涉及,分享其中一些内容。

从节水角度饮水碗>悬挂式饮水器>乳头式饮水器

按照MWPS建议的塑料供水管最大流速4ft/s,不同管径供水管的最大流量。gpm为加仑每分钟。

水压与流量的关系,水压减少一半,流量降温之前的71%。水压加倍,流量则是之前的141%

干湿喂料器的供水水压建议10psi,饮水器的供水水压建议20psi。

不同猪只的建议流量

6分管的最大流量是,5.5gal/分钟

每栏2个饮水器,20栏

按照每个饮水器0.25gal/min的建议流量,总计流量为10gal/min。1寸2分管(DN32)才能满足流量要求。

饮水加药器可能减少有效供水量,之前已翻译过Dr. Mike Brumm的另一篇博客有过相关介绍。译稿|养猪饮水加药器

 

最后分享下Bigdutchman关于饮水器的相关建议

 

(责任编辑:admin)
------分隔线----------------------------
推荐内容

友情链接:快3平台  快三在线投注平台  快3彩票网  快3网  线上快三投注平台  快3网  线上快三投注平台  

免责声明: 本站资料及图片来源互联网文章,本网不承担任何由内容信息所引起的争议和法律责任。所有作品版权归原创作者所有,与本站立场无关,如用户分享不慎侵犯了您的权益,请联系我们告知,我们将做删除处理!